Govt Of India single-use plastic-free by 2022 and Single-use plastic waste menace of huge uncollected, Center notified ban on the use of ‘single-use plastic items from July 1 next year and increased thickness of polythene bags from 50 microns to 120 microns. The thickness clause will be implemented in a phasewise manner in two phases, beginning September 30.
Currently, polythene bags of less than 50 microns are banned in the country. But under the new rules, polythene bags of less than 75 microns in thickness will be banned from September 30 and bags of less than 120 microns will be banned from December 31 2022.
What does Notification Say?
The notification, issued by the environment ministry said that the manufacture, import, stocking, distribution, sale and use of single-use plastic, including polystyrene and expanded polystyrene, commodities will be prohibited with effect from July 1, 2022. Such ‘single-use plastic items include earbuds with plastic sticks, plastic sticks for balloons, plastic flags, candy sticks, ice-cream sticks, polystyrene [thermo-col] for decoration; plates, cups, glasses, cutlery such as forks, spoons, knives, straw, trays, wrapping or packing films around sweet boxes, invitation cards, and cigarette packets, plastic or PVC banners less than 100 micron and stirrers.
What is Single use Plastic?
The notification says “single-use plastic commodity” means a plastic item intended to be used once for the same purpose before being disposed of or recycled. An increase in the thickness of carrying bags, made of virgin or recycled plastic, will substantially improve the collection and recycling of used carrier bags. The move assumes significance as currently, 40% of total plastic waste remains uncollected in the country every day.
Why Single-use Plastic is harmfull?
The uncollected plastic waste causes choking of drainage and river systems, soil and water contamination, littering of the marine ecosystem, ingestion by stray animals, and open-air burning leading to adverse impact on human health and the environment.
Who is resposible for Implementation ?
It will be the responsibility of urban local bodies (ULBs) and ‘gram panchayats’ for setting up and coordinating the waste management system and for performing the associated functions such as ensuring segregation, collection, storage, transportation, processing and disposal of plastic waste. The provision of thickness will not be applicable to carry bags made up of compostable plastic. The manufacturers or sellers or brand owners of compostable plastic carry bags will have to obtain a certificate from the Central Pollution Control Board before marketing/selling or using those stuff including plastic packaging materials.
How Eswachh helps ULBs in Implementation?
Eswachh is an end-to-end waste management company, Eswachh operates Material Recovery Facilities MRFs at multiple locations and segregates the dry waste into multiple material like Paper, Plastic, Metal, Glass, Rubber. The segregated material is sent to authorized waste processors who further reuse or recycle or recover bi products. The Inert waste is sent to the waste to energy plants. This way there is no waste which is sent to landfills and the ULB archives Zero waste status.